John Simpson Foulkes
in Stockport d. 1946 Liverpool)
researched by David
with the kind help World War 1 historians world wide.
J.S.Foulkes was born in Stockport 1890
and moved across to Liverpool with his parents, living in
Sandringham Drive, Waterloo. He joined the King's Liverpool Regiment in
1908 as a Territorial and after the outbreak of war earned the 1914
Star in France.
He transferred to the Manchester
Regiment as a Temp. 2nd Lieutenant early in 1915.
Entry 1915 - Manchester Regiment
The 23rd (8th City) Battalion of the
Manchester Regiment was raised in Manchester in November 1914 by the
Lord Mayor and City as a Bantam Battalion, comprised of troops who were
under the normal regulation minimum height of 5 feet 3 inches. After
initial training close to home, they moved to Morecambe in December
1914. In June 1915 they joined 104th Brigade in 35th Division at
Masham, North Yorkshire. The Division moved to Salisbury Plain for
final training in August. They were ordered to Egypt in late 1915, but
the order was soon cancelled and they proceeded to France in the last
week of January 1916, landing at Bologne and the division concentrated
east of St Omer. They were in action during the Battles of the Somme at
Bazentin Ridge, Arrow Head Copse, Maltz Horn Farm and Falfemont Farm.
The division received new drafts of men to replace losses suffered on
the Somme, but the CO. soon discovered that these new recruits were not
of the same physical standard as the original Bantams, being men of
small stature from the towns, rather than the miners and farm workers
who had joined up in 1915. A medical inspection was carried out and
1439 men were transferred to the Labour Corps. Their places being taken
by men transferred from the disbanded yeomanry regiments, who underwent
a quick training course in infantry methods at a Divisional depot set
up specifically for that purpose. In 1917 they were in action during
the pursuit to the Hindenburg Line, at Houthulst Forest and The Second
Battle of Passchendaele.
[ The War Memories Project ]
Entry 1917 - Awarded the DSO
The Battles of Ypres 1917
The award of the DSO which was Gazetted
on the 26th September probably puts his heroics in one of the following
Phase: the Battle of Pilkem, 31
July - 2 August 1917
Phase: the Battle of Langemarck,
16 - 18 August 1917
Phase: the Battle of the Menin
Road, 20 - 25 September 1917
Entry 1918 - DSO Citation
Entry 1918 - Transfers to Yorkshire and Lancashire Regiment
In early 1918 the army was
reorganised and the
23rd Manchesters were disbanded in France on the 16th of February 1918
with the troops transferring to other units.
This officer qualified as a "Transfer to the RFC/RAF" from the 14th
Manchesters. It would appear that he joined the RAF on 14.8.1918 and
was stationed at RAF Eastchurch, Kent on the 13.7.1919., leaving that
unit on 1.9.1919. It would seem too, that whilst at Eastchurch he
graduated as a flyer..
Major Foulkes was present at the
auction of the deceased officers kit and equipment and bought the
Sleeping bag £1
Trench coat with lining £2.10.0
Pair khaki breeches £3
Khaki tunic £3.2.6
6 packets Gold Leaf cigarettes 10 shillings
There were various other items sold and the total came
to £31.16.6 which was handed to his next of kin.
After WW1 he went into the Fire
Insurance business and lived locally in Blackmoor Drive, West Derby.
He was nominated as a Vice-President of Sefton around 1930.
The Distinguished Service Order was
instituted originally to reward junior officers in the Army for
distinguished service or acts of gallantry against the enemy. While the
Order of the Bath had been available for senior officers and the
Distinguished Conduct Medal for the other ranks, no award below the
level of the Victoria Cross (VC)
had existed for junior officers. The DSO was also made available
to junior officers of the other services.
| Distinguished Service Order
John passed away in 1946 in
Maj. John Simpson Foulkes DSO
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